Requires a hot sheltered position if it is to do well[K]. Amaranthus bulgaricus Kov. Amaranthus retroflexus, true to one of its common names, forms a tumbleweed. Formerly cultivated as a food crop by the N. American Indians. Seeds are eaten raw or cooked. An earlier sowing can be made in a greenhouse and the plants put out after the last expected frosts. Amaranthus retroflexus var. Amaranthus retroflexus Amaranthus retroflexus L. Redroot Amaranth Amaranthaceae (Amaranth Family) Synonym(s): Amaranthus retroflexus var. The Bottom Line. This QR Code is unique to this page. & Loret) Thell. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Redroot pigweed, smooth pigweed, and Powell amaranth are three closely-related amaranths that have become serious cropland weeds throughout the United States and into southern Canada. Called the 'C4 carbon-fixation pathway', this process is particularly efficient at high temperatures, in bright sunlight and under dry conditions. Pigweed is an annual green vegetable that exhibits the C4 photosynthetic pathway. Solothurn 6: 26. Amaranthus recurvatus Desf. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/25/Cleaned-Illustration_Amaranthus_retroflexus.jpg. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. It is widely distributed in cultivated soils, gardens, cattle lots, and waste areas. Latin name: Amaranthus retroflexus Family: Amaranthaceae (Amaranth Family, Pigweed Family) Medicinal use of Pigweed: A tea made from the leaves is astringent. Can you please help? Amaranthus retroflexus forma rubricaulis Amaranthus retroflexus Linnaeus, forma rubricaulis (Thellung) Thellung ex Probst, Mitt. 59 per cent for A. blitoides and 4. Recommended for indoor use. var s = '' This plant is eaten as a vegetable in different places of the world. Photos. The seed can be cooked whole, and becomes very gelatinous like this, but it is rather difficult to crush all of the small seeds in the mouth and thus some of the seed will pass right through the digestive system without being assimilated[K].  However, when supplied in moderation, it is regarded as an exceptionally nutritious fodder. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed.  It is among the species consumed as a vegetable in Mexican markets as Quelite quintonil. The three species are discussed together because they are difficult to distinguish from one another in the field, have similar life cycles and habits of growth, and present similar management challenges in crop production. This is an erect, annual herb reaching a maximum height near 3 m (9.8 ft). A drop in temperature overnight aids germination. Redroot pigweed, a summer annual broadleaf plant, is found up to 7900 feet (2400 m) in the Central Valley, northwestern region, central-western region, southwestern region, Modoc Plateau, and most likely in other California areas. Closely related Amaranthus species are used as pot herbs, cultivated grains, and ornamental or dye-plants, particularly in Central and South America (Wesche-Ebeling et al., 1995; Mitich, 1997). The seed is very small but easy to harvest and very nutritious. For more information about QR Codes click here. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at email@example.com. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. A. retroflexus was used for a multitude of food and medicinal purposes by many Native American groups. A deep rooted plant, bringing up minerals from lower levels of the soil. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. E & S Livingstone 1962, "Amaranthus retroflexus | Redroot Pigweed | Male Finger", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaranthus_retroflexus&oldid=990095228, Pages using Tropicos template without author names, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with Chinese-language sources (zh), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 November 2020, at 19:58. They can be ground into a powder and used as a cereal substitute, and also can be sprouted and added to salads. Spreading Pigweed, Mediterranean amaranth, Prince's Feather, Prince-of-wales feather, Thunberg's Pigweed, Thunberg's amaranthus, Chinese Spinach, Joseph's-coat, Fountain Plant, Tampala , Summer Poinsettia. It is inadvisable, therefore, to eat this plant if it is grown inorganically. Amaranthus powellii: sepals of fruit-bearing flowers acute at apex and inflorescence with few, rigid, widely spaced branches of flowers (vs. A. retroflexus, with sepals of fruit-bearing flowers rounded to truncate at apex and inflorescence with few to many, slender, lax branches of flowers). The seeds are edible raw or toasted, and can be ground into flour and used for bread, hot cereal, or as a thickener. A Dictionary of Plants Used by Man. 2c) are tall, er… Amaranthus retroflexus var. All photos included on this page can only be used for educational purposes. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. Hamel, Paul B. and Mary U. Chiltoskey, 1975, Cherokee Plants and Their Uses -- A 400 Year History, Sylva, N.C. Herald Publishing Co., page 23 Amaranthus retroflexus L. Redroot Amaranth USDA AMRE It grows 2 to 3 feet tall and the lower stems are red or red-streaked with the color continuing down the taproot. Amaranthus retroflexus is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaranthaceae with several common names, including red-root amaranth, redroot pigweed, red-rooted pigweed, common amaranth, pigweed amaranth, and common tumbleweed. Amaranthus retroflexus. The central stem is stout, round, light green, and more or less covered with white hairs; it … Herbicides with the active ingredient 2,4-D or dicamba are selective meaning they will kill the pigweed and not the desired plants. They may only be used in areas where you wish to clear out all plants. Amaranthus retroflexus is a ANNUAL growing to 0.9 m (3ft). The young leaves are also edible. I have yet to see a garden of any size here in the midwest without an abundance of volunteer pigweed. & Loret Amaranthus johnstonii Kov. rubricaulis However, A. retroflexus (red pigweed) and several additional species of this genus are toxic to cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, and, rarely, horses. Amaranthus Species: retroflexus Family: Amaranthaceae Uses (Ethnobotany): The seeds may be eaten, raw or cooked, ground into a flour, or sprouted. * Exclusive content not on the website Very good as a field guide, it only gives brief details about the plants medicinal properties. For a list of references used on this page please go here. This is because non-selective herbicides kill any plant they come in contact with. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. A. retroflexus is eaten as a vegetable in many places of the world and is used for many food and medicinal uses by Native American groups. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database BASIONYM: Amaranthus retroflexus Linnaeus, var. Herbarium Name Used: Amaranthus retroflexus 2/8/2012 - BKL (Steve Glenn) Tompkins: 1921: BKL – BKL00032516 Herbarium Name Used: Amaranthus retroflexus 2/8/2012 - … * Important announcements and news However, because rough pigweed … Another of A. retroflexus's common names is "pigweed" because it grows where hogs are pasture-fed. delilei (Richt. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Germination is usually rapid and good if the soil is warm. Contact Maltawildplants.com, perhaps they have in stock, John, 1920. Plants should not be given inorganic fertilizers, see notes above on toxicity. — The 191 7 seeds of Amaranthus retro- flexus were used for the estimation of the inorganic elements. A line drawing of each plant is included plus colour photographs of about 100 species. Amaranthus retroflexus (AMARE) Menu. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. The fruit is a capsule less than 2 mm (0.079 in) long with a "lid" which opens to reveal a tiny black seed. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Pigweed seed can be ground into a powder and used as a cereal substitute, it can also be sprouted and added to salads. The percentage of total ash given in table IV is 3 . Introduced as a weed in the Euromediterranean region, Caucasus, Siberia and Russian Far East, Central Asia, China, Japan, parts of Africa, South America, Australia Dried. The seed contained in the spike is very small, about 1 mm in diameter, and is rich in lysine. Similar Species: Redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus) has wavy leaf margins and an upper stem that is very hairy whereas Powell amaranth has entire leaf margins and upper stems lacking hairs. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. It is used in the treatment of profuse menstruation, intestinal bleeding, diarrhoea etc[222, 238, 257]. G. Publisher Constable Year 1974 ISBN 0094579202 Description Forget the sexist title, this is one of the best books on the subject. You will receive a range of benefits including: The predictable growth behaviour makes it easier to maintain without having to apply containment methods[2-1]. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Other symptoms, such as bloat or methylglobineamia in the most severe cases, might reflect its high nitrate content. General information about Amaranthus retroflexus (AMARE) Mexico. Edible Parts: Leaves SeedEdible Uses: Young leaves - raw or cooked as a spinach[2, 5, 62, 85, 159]. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. -Frank Blissett. Create arrangements, wreaths, and more with these long natural stems. , Media related to Amaranthus retroflexus (category) at Wikimedia Commons, Watt, John Mitchell; Breyer-Brandwijk, Maria Gerdina: The Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa 2nd ed Pub. Abstract. The leaves are nearly 15 cm (5.9 in) long on large individuals, the ones higher on the stem having a lance shape and those lower on the plant diamond or oval in shape. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Cuttings of growing plants root easily. Such forage may cause fatal nephrotoxicity, presumably because of its high oxalate content. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. careless weed. The flavour is greatly improved by roasting the seed before grinding it. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. It is used in the Indian state of Kerala to prepare a popular dish known as thoran by combining the finely cut leaves with grated coconut, chili peppers, garlic, turmeric and other ingredients.  It is native to the tropical Americas, but is widespread as an introduced species on most continents in a great number of habitats. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Among the long lists of weeds is the redroot pigweed, which is botanically known as Amaranthus retroflexus. It is also a source of minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium, potassium, iron, zinc and copper, and important amounts of carbohydrates and proteins. All plant pages have their own unique code. Lists a very extensive range of useful plants from around the world with very brief details of the uses. Common names include: red-root amaranth, redroot pigweed, red-rooted pigweed, common amaranth, pigweed amaranth, and common tumbleweed. An infusion has been used to treat hoarseness. 2b), and Powell amaranth (Fig. Cooked amaranth can be used in many different dishes. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. They can be ground into a powder and used as a cereal substitute, and also can be sprouted and added to salads. Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Most if not all members of this genus photosynthesize by a more efficient method than most plants. Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. It is used in the treatment of profuse menstruation, intestinal bleeding, diarrhoea etc. No members of this genus are known to be poisonous, but when grown on nitrogen-rich soils they are known to concentrate nitrates in the leaves. Publication Author Usher. Amaranthus retroflexus is an annual, herbaceous weed. However, when supplied in moderation, it is regarded as an exceptionally nutritious fodder. … redroot pigweed. It is a primary food source in all these places because it can grow in many soil types, and most if not all members of the genus have edible leaves, roots, seeds. OTHER USES AND VALUES : Young leaves of rough pigweed are used as salad greens when the plant is only a few inches tall, before the stem becomes woody. Amaranthus retroflexus L. These include a sphingolipid, two flavonoids, four sterols and one amino acid. Ges. Naturf. 6oz bunch pictured. Prefers a well-drained fertile soil in a sunny position. More >>>. Seed - raw or cooked[2, 46, 61, 85]. It is used in the treatment of profuse menstruation, intestinal bleeding, diarrhoea etc [. For the Songhai drum (doodo), see talking drum. The flavour is greatly improved by roasting the seed before grinding it. http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/User:Lynk_media. Amaranth is a nutritious, gluten-free grain that provides plenty of fiber, protein and micronutrients. You can unsubscribe at anytime. No species of genus Amaranthus is known to be poisonous, but the leaves contain oxalic acid and may contain nitrates if grown in nitrate-rich soils, so the water should be discarded after boiling. We are currently updating this section. Affected by moisture, humidity, high heat, and direct sunlight. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. A popular annual, amaranthus has been dried for year round use. Young leaves have a mild flavour and can be eaten raw or cooked as a spinach. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. 1 and 2a), smooth pigweed (Fig. Historically they were used as food by native populations, and some species have again gained favor for use as a natural food source. , Like many other species of Amaranthus, this plant may be harmful and even deadly when fed to cattle and pigs in large amounts over several days. The seed, oil, and leaf are used as food. Seeds are eaten raw or cooked. The root pattern is clumping, giving the plant a clumping habit. Uses Amaranth leaves and stems are commonly eaten after cooking in a manner similar to spinach. I intend using this plant this year,but I do not know where to It is often added to maize meal. The seed is very small, about 1mm in diameter, but easy to harvest and very nutritious. In garden design, as well as the above-ground architecture of a plant, root structure considerations help in choosing plants that work together for their optimal soil requirements including nutrients and water. Hello, DyeYellow and green dyes can be obtained from the whole plant. This is especially noticeable on land where chemical fertilizers are used. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.AstringentA tea made from the leaves is astringent. The inflorescence is a large, dense cluster of flowers interspersed with spiny green bracts. Right plant wrong place. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Young leaves have a mild flavour and can be eaten raw or cooked as a spinach. A good companion for potatoes, onions, corn, tomatoes, peppers and aubergines[20, 201]. There are four main species which are cultivated as vegetables; A. cruentus, A. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. If you want to grow amaranth as a grain Amaranthus retroflexus is a good option. BASIONYM: Amaranthus retroflexus Linnaeus 1753. Also, redroot pigweed flowers are held in short, … 3. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Redroot Pigweed: many dense, thick, spike-like clusters of tiny green flowers in leaf axils and upper stem, 5 tepals with rounded to … Go to any local farmer or person with a large garden. Nitrates are implicated in stomach cancers, blue babies and some other health problems. , A. retroflexus is a weed and has developed resistance against fomesafen in Northeast China. Fresh or dried pigweed leaves can be used to make tea. Redroot pigweed (Figs. Amaranthus retroflexus, Common Amaranth leaves and flower seed stalks (Photo By: AnRo0002 / Wikimedia Commons) Amaranth(Genus: Amaranthus) is a genus of plants native to The Americas, Africa, Asia, and Europe. Amaranthus retroflexus is a species of flowering plant in the family Amaranthaceae with several common names, including red-root amaranth, redroot pigweed, red-rooted pigweed, common amaranth, pigweed amaranth, and common tumbleweed.. ]. For publication in journals, books or magazines, permission should be obtained from the original photographers with a copy to EPPO. rough pigweed. We will not sell or share your email address. 2. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. Description of the plant: Ground into a powder and used as a cereal substitute, it can also be sprouted and added to salads. Not for the casual reader., The effect of leaf nitrogen (N) on the photosynthetic capacity and the light and temperature response of photosynthesis was studied in the ecologically similar annuals Chenopodium album (C 3) and Amaranthus retroflexus (C 4).Photosynthesis was linearly dependent on leaf N per unit area (N a) in both species. Very rich in iron, it is also a good source of vitamins A and C. Amaranthus retroflexus L. Redroot Amaranth USDA AMRE: Cherokee Drug, Dermatological Aid Astringent leaves used for profuse menstruation. 1. A casual of cultivated land and waste places in Britain. obtain the seed. Photos and descriptions of Redroot pigweed. Overview; Pests; Pathways; Reporting; Photos → Documents; Tools Propose photos. An infusion has been used to treat hoarseness. salicifolius USDA Symbol: AMRE USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (I), HI (I), CAN (I), SPM. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). A casual in Britain. Seed - sow late spring in situ. Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. Seeds are edible whole or ground into meal. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. The entire plant is used to make medicine. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Amaranthus retroflexus . Tropical America. Fresh young plants can also be used as a potherb. Like many other species of Amaranthus, this plant may be harmful and even deadly when fed to cattle and pigs in large amounts. Amaranthus curvifolius Spreng. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. If available other names are mentioned here, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. It is eaten in Mexican markets as Quelite quintonil. Life Cycle: Annual Recommended Propagation Strategy: Seed Country Or Region Of Origin: Central and Eastern North America Distribution: Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants. The plant is monoecious, with individuals bearing both male and female flowers. Amaranthus delilei Richt. Although native to the lower 48, this warm season annual is considered a weed by most. If you want to grow amaranth as a grain Amaranthus retroflexus is a good option. Amaranthus retroflexus Taxonomy ID: 124763 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid124763) current name It is eaten in Mexican markets as Quelite quintonil. Redroot Pigweed Amaranthus retroflexus L.. Family: Amaranthaceae Habit: summer annual Habitat: Important weed of agronomic crops and gardens. Amaranthus chlorostachys Willk. Amaranthus bullatus Besser ex Spreng. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. Rough Pigweed Amaranthus retroflexus Amaranth family (Amaranthaceae) Description: This plant is a summer annual about 1-3' tall that is either sparingly branched or unbranched. rubricaulis Thellung 1914. A mild flavour, it is often mixed with stronger flavoured leaves.